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Lesson 29 Conjunctions

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LESSON 29 CONJUNCTIONS


A conjunction is a word that joins other words, phrases (groups of words), or clauses (groups of words with a subject and verb). Co-ordinate conjunctions join words, phrases, or clauses of equal rank. There are two kinds: simple and correlative. Subordinate conjunctions join dependent clauses to independent clauses. I will refer to them simply as co-ordinate, correlative, and subordinate.



The co-ordinate conjunctions are the following: and, but, or, nor, for, and yet. (For and yet can only join clauses.)


The correlative conjunctions are always in pairs. They are either-or, neither-nor, both-and, not only-but also, and whether-or.


Some common subordinate conjunctions are after, although, as, as if, because, before, if, since, so that, than, unless, until, when, where, while.


The co-ordinate and correlative conjunctions should be memorized since they are common and few in number.


Find the co-ordinate conjunctions which are joining words in the following sentences and the words that are joined.



1. Jeff and I mowed all the lawns.
2. Grandpa is a slow but strong person.
3. Our guest will be Jeanne or Barbara.
4. I did not like nor appreciate your actions.
5. You or I must do the dishes.



Answers



1. and - joining Jeff/I
2. but - joining slow/strong
3. or - joining Jeanne/Barbara
4. nor - joining like/appreciate
5. or - joining You/I



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A conjunction is a word that joins other words, phrases (groups of words), or clauses (groups of words with a subject and verb). Co-ordinate conjunctions join words, phrases, or clauses of equal rank.



The co-ordinate conjunctions are the following: and, but, or, nor, for, and yet. (For and yet can only join clauses.)



Find the co-ordinate conjunctions which are joining phrases in these sentences and the phrases that are joined.



1. The girls ran up the path and over the hill
2. I became ill by eating the food and stuffing myself.
3. Meet me by the fountain or near the train station.
4. He should have arrived or will be arriving soon.
5. Joe had promised to come but did not keep his promise.




Answers



1. and - joining up the path/over the hill
2. and - joining eating the food/stuffing myself
3. or - joining by the fountain/near the train station
4. or - joining should have arrived/will be arriving
5. but - joining had promised/did keep



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A conjunction is a word that joins other words, phrases (groups of words), or clauses (groups of words with a subject and verb). Co-ordinate conjunctions join words, phrases, or clauses of equal rank.



The co-ordinate conjunctions are the following: and, but, or, nor, for, and yet. (For and yet can only join clauses.)



Find the co-ordinate conjunctions which are joining clauses in these sentences.



1. I do not like the idea, yet I will help.
2. The trip was a delight for us, for we had a great time.
3. The mail has not arrived, nor will it come today.
4. I will speak the truth, or I will not work for you.
5. Mom likes Christmas, but Dad likes Halloween.
6. Ann washes the walls, and Pam vacuums the carpet.




Answers



1. yet
2. for
3. nor
4. or
5. but
6. and



-------------


A conjunction is a word that joins other words, phrases (groups of words), or clauses (groups of words with a subject and verb). Co-ordinate conjunctions join words, phrases, or clauses of equal rank.



The co-ordinate conjunctions are the following: and, but, or, nor, for, and yet. (For and yet can only join clauses.)


Find the co-ordinate conjunctions in these sentences and tell if they are joining words, phrases, or clauses.



1. Will and I went to the game, but Jeff and Jim went swimming.
2. I will go, but I will stay in the hotel or in the waiting room.
3. The men work through the day and into the night.
4. The message will be sent tomorrow or the next day and will arrive in time for the event.
5. He would not help, nor would he allow me to help.




Answers



1. and (words), but (clauses), and (words)
2. but (clauses), or (phrases)
3. and (phrases)
4. or (words), and (phrases)
5. nor (clauses)



-----------


A conjunction is a word that joins other words, phrases (groups of words), or clauses (groups of words with a subject and verb). Correlative conjunctions join words, phrases, or clauses of equal rank.



The correlative conjunctions are always in pairs. They are either-or, neither-nor, both-and, not only-but also, and whether-or.



Find the correlative conjunctions joining words in the following sentences.



1. Either you or I will have to move.
2. I like neither writing nor reading.
3. Your work is both neat and accurate.
4. The meal is not only delicious but also nutritious.
5. The little boy didn't know whether to cry or not.




Answers



1. either-or
2. neither-nor
3. both-and
4. not only-but also
5. whether-or



------------


A conjunction is a word that joins other words, phrases, or clauses. Co-ordinate conjunctions join words, phrases, or clauses of equal rank.



The co-ordinate conjunctions are the following: and, but, or, nor, for, and yet. (For and yet can only join clauses.)



The correlative conjunctions are always in pairs. They are either-or, neither-nor, both-and, not only-but also, and whether-or.



Find the co-ordinate and correlative conjunctions in these sentences.



1. The boys and the girls not only like but also adore both the puppies and the kittens.
2. My mother or my father will come to see you either today or tomorrow.
3. Neither the plane nor the train would arrive on time.
4. Both the man and his friend came down the hall and went into the room.
5. The cook didn't know whether to bake or to mash the potatoes for supper.
6. I didn't win the race, but I didn't care.
7. The trip will take us through the hills and across the valleys.
8. Canada is both beautiful and cold, but I like to visit there.
9. Jeff and Jim are brothers, yet they are not alike.
10. Carl likes to eat and sleep but not work.




Answers



1. and, not only-but also, both-and
2. or, either-or
3. neither-nor
4. both-and, and
5. whether-or
6. but
7. and
8. both-and, but
9. and, yet
10. and, but


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